TOP TEN CANADIAN SCIENCE STORIES OF 2011
The team of curators at the Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation have identified their preferred top ten Canadian science stories of 2011.
What do you think of these stories? What are your preferred science stories of 2011? We want to know about them! Tell us your comments at the bottom of the page!
We'll run a story a day (weekdays only) from January 26th to February 8th and the countdown starts today. Stay tuned!
Image courtesy of Corvus Energy
Corvus Energy of Richmond B.C. has developed lithium-ion battery modules for use in vessels. Significantly smaller and lighter than lead-acid batteries, these cells can reduce operating and maintenance costs as well as the carbon footprint of the ship.
Source: CSTM (artifact no. 2011.0004.001)
NRC's Institute for Microstructural Sciences and partners have developed a type of organically-based solar cell. The cells can be printed onto a thin film using Polaroid printing technology. A handbag incorporating this technology is featured in the Energy: Power to Choose exhibition.
The ongoing CMS and ATLAS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider have independently yielded results that may lead to proof of the existence of the Higgs particle. With conclusive results expected by the end of 2012, these experiments have seen many key contributions from Canada.
Source: CSTM (artifact no. 2010.0131.001)
Researchers at the University of Western Ontario Medical School have developed a vaccine that may prevent HIV. The vaccine, which uses a deadened form of the virus, has been approved by the US FDA to begin clinical trials in humans. The trials will be done in three phases commencing in 2012.
Source: Westport Innovations
University of British Columbia professor emeritus Dr. Philip G. Hill has invented a technology that allows natural gas to be used in diesel engines in large trucks. With the same engine efficiency, the high-pressure direct injection system would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 21-27%
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's Dr. Vern Burrows, C.M.
Photo courtesy of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Scientists at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada have developed a new hulless and hairless oat that is similar to rice, but with greater nutritional benefits. This oat is part of Campbell's new product, Nourish, a complete meal designed to help hunger and nutrition issues in Canada and abroad.
July 2011 marked the end of NASA's 30-year Space Shuttle Program. The shuttles, which will retire to various cultural institutions throughout the United States, were made possible through Canada's contributions of pioneering technologies, including the Canadarm.
Toronto-based Cavet Technologies Inc. has invented an intelligent lighting controller. The LumiSmart applies waveform modification technology to reduce electrical consumption in fluorescent lighting systems by 30%, without any changes to lamps.
The Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator, or Dextre, part of Canada's contribution to the International Space Station, completed its first official assignment in February of 2011. The two-armed robot also completed its first repair mission in September of that year.
U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Timothy Walter/Released
PyroGenesis Canada Inc. has developed an all-electric compact marine Plasma Arc Waste Destruction System (PAWDS) for the treatment of shipboard combustible waste. Notably smaller than a fossil fuel-fired one, this system does not produce the noxious compounds normally caused by incineration.