Canada’s forests currently occupy more than 402 million hectares, representing approximately ten per cent of the world’s forest cover. They are home to approximately 180 species of tree, including both coniferous and deciduous varieties. These trees are distributed throughout eight distinct forest regions: the Acadian forest, the boreal forest, the Great Lakes–St Lawrence forest, the Carolinian forest, the subalpine forest, the Columbia forest, the montane forest, and the coastal forest.
Since the nineteenth century, Canada’s forest resources have been developed through sustained industrial activity, as can be seen in the images and artifacts gathered together here. Drawn largely from the collection of the Canada Science and Technology Museum, this material reflects the progression of changes marking the industrialization of Canadian forests.
This document also demonstrates the ongoing evolution of forestry science and technology, particularly in the management of forests and natural disturbances, as well as the processing of wood.
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